Gynecomastia is the abnormal enlargement of breast tissue in men and boys due to an imbalance in the levels of the hormones estrogen and testosterone. The condition can affect newborns and boys going through puberty, as well as older men, as each stage of life causes hormonal changes.
Causes of Gynecomastia
The change in body tissue is caused by a drop of testosterone in the body compared to that of the feminizing hormone estrogen. The change can be due a male being exposed to excess estrogen levels from his mother while in the womb, hormonal imbalances during puberty or a natural drop in testosterone levels as men age.
The body may also suffer from a condition that inhibits the effects of testosterone. Gynecomastia is also a potential side effect of certain medications.
Gynecomastia can affect one or both breasts and is generally not a serious medical condition. It typically subsides on its own within two weeks for newborns and between six months and two years for boys going through puberty.
If the condition persists, a medical examination is required to determine if the cause is due to an underlying condition like cancer, which can also cause breast tissue to swell.
If you experience pain, tenderness or discharge from one or both nipples, then you should definitely see an experienced professional.
After the exam, our doctor may recommend that you stop taking certain medications or prescribe a comparable substitute. The physician will also treat any heath conditions that can cause gynecomastia.
Another option that may be helpful for some men is to take medications normally used to treat breast cancer. In many cases, male breast reduction surgery may be required.
The doctor may recommend liposuction to remove breast fat or a mastectomy to remove the gland tissue.
Seeking Help for Gynecomastia
Many men who have gynecomastia are embarrassed by the condition because it is difficult to conceal and distorts their physique. If you or a loved one is suffering from gynecomastia, you should contact the Plastic and Cosmetic Center of South Texas, located in San Antonio.
Dr. Jeneby and his team will review your medical history and perform a medical examination. Based on your individual situation, we will discuss viable treatment options that can eliminate gynecomastia and help restore your self-confidence. Contact our office today to schedule an appointment.